The Catedral Metropolitana Nossa Senhora da Aparecida was the first monument built in Brasília and had its foundation stone released in September 1958. The monument was completed in 1960, but was only open in May 1970. The project was designed by Oscar Niemeyer.
The Church is described as a peculiar beauty. The Church is supported by 16 curved pillars that resemble a crown of thorns, its central dome is covered by a huge stained-glass window designed by Marianne Peretti and made out of fiberglass parts in shades of blue, green, white and brown.
Inside, three huge Angels by Alfredo Ceschiatti float suspended by steel cables. The baptistery is covered by painted tiles by Athos Bulcão. The via sacra was designed by Di Cavalcanti and contains the image of Nossa Senhora Aparecida. This image is a replica of the original Nossa Senhora, which is located in Aparecida in the State of São Paulo, Brasil.
In front of the Church are four bronze sculptures, each 3 meters high: Os Evangelistas, by Alfredo Ceschiatti and Dante Croce. And the Campanário, a set of bells donated by Spain.
People wearing short clothing are not allowed inside the Cathedral.
Esplanada dos Ministérios, s/n
One of the best ways to enjoy Brasília is by bike. Several bicycle rental spots are available throughout the city and you can rent bikes through the Bike Brasília app, available in Portuguese, English and Spanish for iPhone, Android and Windows Phone.
The Cathedral is located at Esplanada dos Ministérios Avenue. Check bus line itineraries on the DFTrans website (the site is available only in Portuguese) or take a tour ride on a double-decker tour bus.