The Parque da Independência, in São Paulo, protects the site where Brasil’s independence was declared by D. Pedro I, in 9/7/1822. D. Pedro I was the first emperor of Brasil and son of D. João VI, King of Portugal. D. Pedro I died in 9/24/1834.
The Park’s main attraction is the Museu do Ipiranga - or Museu Paulista. Currently closed for renovations, the Museum’s collection is preserved by the Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (Iphan).
Open on the 100th anniversary of Brasil’s emancipation, the Monumento à Independência holds the Pira da Liberdade and a crypt with the remains of Empress Leopoldina, Pedro I and Amélie de Beauharnais, the emperor’s second wife.
Also found in the park is the Casa do Grito (House of Screams) a cob wall construction built in 1955. The house refers to the famous scene painted by the artist Pedro Américo, 1888, in his frame “Independência ou Morte”.
Thanks to its extensive gardens and beautiful fountains, the park is a great place to wander and practice outdoor activities, such as jogging or walking.
Free of charge.
Av. Nazareth, s/nº - Ipiranga - São Paulo
You can take the subway and get off at any one of these stations: Alto do Ipiranga (green line), Vila Mariana (blue line) or Pedro II (red line). From the station, you can take a bus to the park. Check the bus lines that pass at the stations mentioned above. Also check the subway map.